Jewish Artefacts


TORAH SCROLL SPECIAL BOOKS PRAYER

     The Torah scroll contains the laws by which Jews try to live. Sections of the Sefer Torah (the first 5 books of the Bible) are read during the Shabbat service.

 
YAD SPECIAL BOOKS

     A pointer, often made of silver, used when reading from the Torah because it is too precious to be touched by hand.

 
MEZUZAH SYMBOLS PRAYER HOMES

     A small case made from wood, metal, pottery or plastic used to remember God. Nailed to the upper right of the door post in a slanting position, it contains the SHEMA from Deuteronomy 6 v 4-9 which sums up belief in one God. Jews touch it as they pass then kiss their fingers. It is a reminder of God's presence & that the people living in the home follow his law.

 
SKULL CAP (YARMULKAH, KIPPAH or CAPEL) CLOTHES SYMBOLS PRAYER

     Worn as a witness of Jewish faith, to show respect, as a reminder that there is always something separating us from God & that God is 'looking down'. Orthodox Jews always wear one, others only for prayers.

 
PRAYER SHAWL (TALLIT or TALLITH) CLOTHES SYMBOLS PRAYER

     White or cream wool, linen, silk or rayon with black or blue stripes across the ends, a full-size tallit is 150 cm x 60 cm. At the corners tzitzit (knotted fringes) are reminders of the 5 books of the Law & the 613 commandments. Their origin is in Numbers 15 v. 37-41. Worn by males & some females during services & for daily prayer. Blessings are said before they are put round the shoulders, giving a feeling of shelter & belief that God is all around.

 
TEFILLIN SYMBOLS PRAYER

     Worn by Orthodox Jewish men for weekday prayers the 2 cubical black leather boxes contain the Shema They are symbolic aids to prayer & a daily reminder to keep God's laws.

 
SHABBAT CANDLES HOME LIGHT WORSHIP

     Two silver candlesticks with white candles lit by the woman of the house to bring in Shabbat.

 
CHALLAH COVER HOME WORSHIP

     To cover the challah bread at Shabbat.

 
KIDDUSH CUP HOME WORSHIP

     Used to hold the wine for the saying of the Kiddush prayers at Shabbat & Pesach.

 
HAVDALAH CANDLE HOME LIGHT WORSHIP

     A candle with at least 2 wicks symbolising creation & redemption, lit to end Shabbat.

 
HAVDALAH SPICES HOME WORSHIP

     Passed round for all to smell to mark the end of Shabbat so the sweet smell of Shabbat is carried throughout the week.

 
MENORAH FESTIVALS LIGHT

     A 7 branched candlestick lit daily in the Temple. At Hanukkah a 9 branched candlestick (Hanukkiah) celebrates the temple re-dedication.

 
ELIJAH'S CUP SYMBOLS FOOD PRAYER

     Used at Pesach to prepare a welcome for the Prophet Elijah, the herald of the Messiah.

 
MATZAH COVER SYMBOLS FOOD

     Used at Pesach to cover the unleavened bread.

 
SEDER PLATE SYMBOLS FOOD PRAYER

     Used at Pesach as a reminder of the Jewish escape, lead by Moses, from the sufferings in Egypt as slaves.

 

GREGGER SYMBOLS

     A rattle used during the festival of Purim to drown out the name of the 'baddie' Haman when the story of Esther is read.

 

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